BIOCONSTRUCTION IN YOUR OWN HOUSE
We build healthy and sustainable homes
WHAT IS BIOCONSTRUCTION?
Its more academic definition says: “the biology of construction (bioconstruction) studies the holistic relationships of the human being with its built and residential environment”.
By holistic we understand the biological, medical, psychological, sociological, technical and artistic relationships. The bioconstruction seeks harmony between civilization and the built environment, seeks a balance between culture-technique-biology, seeks adaptation of the technical environment to the human in the field of housing.
In other words, have an architectural culture compatible with Nature. From the year 1950, materials that intervene in a serious way in the biological system are introduced into housing construction. Due to this, more and more environmental and domestic diseases are produced.
In the 70s an architectural movement arose in Germany that studied the first causes of these environmental diseases and established the bases of a respectful construction with man … The bioconstruction.
WHY IS BIOCONSTRUCTION IMPORTANT?
Everyone spends 90% of their life in closed environments. It is these environments that constantly influence our biological system. Below I list some of the benefits of bioconstruction:
In bioconstruction “people are cared for today, without destroying resources and the world for those who come tomorrow”. Both the construction and the use of housing tend to be respectful of the environment and as integrated as possible in nature.
Great economic savings
Taking into account the whole life of the house and its interactions, the economic savings are substantial by:
MATERIALS FOR BIOCONSTRUCTION
Currently the materials used in bioconstruction are in great evolution and are constantly new developments that are offered by new products mostly of plant origin, which are used for insulation, paint, structural…
Now we comment on characteristics and utilities of the three most common materials in the history of construction.
Material also used by man since the beginning of time. Its qualities of lightness, resistance, insulation and easily workable have made it be in virtually all houses.
Wood is a renewable resource and it is important that it comes from forests that are closest to the place of construction and farms that guarantee the sustainability of these forests.
The most common uses of wood are:
You have to take special care in the products that are applied to its treatment. Since they can seriously affect health.
In Bioconstrucción, innocuous biocides are used for the health of people and natural oils for their finishing treatment.
Used historically as a bearing and structural element today it is also used as a decorative element or coating.
It is necessary to take into account its origin and not all the stones are suitable for bioconstruction, since some of them, like granites, give off the dangerous radon gas in their decomposition.
It has a large thermal inertia, which can be used as a heat accumulator in walls and regulator of the interior temperature.
Although it is not a renewable raw material, it is very abundant and the energy necessary for its manufacture is scarce, therefore they have a low carbon footprint.
BIOCONSTRUCTION AND DESIGN OF HEALTHY HOUSES
As we have already said, the bioconstruction respects the biological processes of the human being, being the origin and a fundamental pillar of this the health of the people inside the buildings.
To have a global idea of how bioconstruction understands the design of a healthy home, we expose the 25 basic rules of bioconstruction: